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Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is Human Rights Law? Human Rights Law encompasses laws and regulations designed to protect individuals from discrimination and ensure equal treatment across various areas of public life. These laws prohibit discrimination on multiple grounds, aiming to uphold the principles of equality, dignity, and respect for all individuals. In Canada, human rights protections are enforced at the provincial level by the Ontario Human Rights Commission (OHRC) and at the federal level by the Canadian Human Rights Commission (CHRC).

The grounds for protection under these laws include:

  • Race

  • National or ethnic origin

  • Colour

  • Religion

  • Age

  • Sex

  • Sexual orientation

  • Gender identity or expression

  • Marital status

  • Family status

  • Disability

  • Genetic characteristics

  • A conviction for which a pardon has been granted or a record suspended (applicable under the CHRA)

The specific areas where these protections apply, preventing discrimination, include:

  • Employment

  • Housing

  • Services, goods, and facilities

  • Contracts

  • Membership in unions, trade, or professional associations

These areas ensure individuals are treated fairly and without bias in significant aspects of daily life, from work and living conditions to accessing public services and opportunities. Discrimination in any of these areas or grounds is considered a violation of human rights in Canada, and individuals facing such discrimination have legal avenues for recourse through the OHRC or CHR

2. What kinds of cases does Everton Law handle in Human Rights Law? Everton Law specializes in a wide range of Human Rights cases, including but not limited to discrimination (workplace, education, housing), harassment, accessibility issues for people with disabilities, gender and sexual orientation discrimination, racial profiling, and religious freedoms.

3. How do I know if my situation is a Human Rights issue? If you believe you've been treated unfairly or discriminated against based on personal characteristics or beliefs, you may have a Human Rights claim. The OHRC and CHRC cover specific grounds of discrimination. We recommend scheduling a consultation to discuss your situation in detail.

4. Can Everton Law represent me in both Ontario Human Rights Commission (OHRC) and Canadian Human Rights Commission (CHRC) cases? Yes, Everton Law is equipped to represent clients in cases related to both the OHRC and the CHRC. Our expertise spans the complexities of both provincial and federal Human Rights laws.

5. What is the process for filing a Human Rights complaint? The process typically begins with identifying the nature of your complaint and determining under which jurisdiction it falls (provincial or federal). From there, a formal complaint can be filed with the appropriate commission (OHRC or CHRC). We can guide you through each step, from drafting your complaint to representing you in any legal proceedings.

6. How long do I have to file a Human Rights complaint? Time limits for filing a complaint can vary. Generally, you should file as soon as possible after the incident of discrimination or harassment occurs. The OHRC allows up to one year from the last incident to file a complaint, whereas the CHRC typically requires complaints to be filed within one year as well. It's essential to verify the specific deadlines applicable to your case.

7. What can I expect in terms of resolution or compensation? Outcomes can vary significantly based on the specifics of each case. Resolutions may include compensation for damages (such as emotional suffering), changes in policies or practices by the offending party, public apologies, or other forms of restitution. Our goal at Everton Law is to achieve the best possible outcome for our clients, tailored to their specific needs and circumstances.

8. How can I schedule a consultation with Everton Law about a Human Rights issue? To schedule a consultation, please contact us through our website or call our office directly. We are ready to listen to your story, provide expert legal advice, and guide you on the path to justice.

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